Based on recent history, the Abbott Government's appeals for clemency for Peter Greste are unlikely to succeed, writes Alan Austin, who suggests only a change of government can help the gaoled journalist.
THE BAD NEWS for family and friends of Peter Greste is that history is against a happy outcome.
The Australian journalist employed by Al Jazeera television was sentenced on Monday to seven years gaol. The charges, laid in Egypt’s repressive regime of Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, were of defaming Egypt and having ties to the blacklisted Muslim Brotherhood.
There are stark contrasts in the way foreign affairs are conducted by
Australia’s Labor and Coalition Governments. There are dramatic
differences in outcomes for citizens in trouble abroad under the two
It is Peter Greste’s fate to have been arrested soon after diplomatic incompetents took charge in Australia.
In 2003, during the Howard years, Holly Deane-Johns was sentenced
to 31 years prison in Thailand for possessing 136 grams of heroin. A
large spoonful. Moves for leniency following the manifestly excessive
penalty were either not made or not successful until after the Coalition
In December 2007, just days after the change of government,
Deane-Johns returned to a women’s prison in Australia. She was released
Stephen John Sutton was arrested
in Argentina in 2003 on narcotics charges. Despite many mitigating
factors, the first offender copped 11 years. Not only did the Howard
Government fail to secure a fair trial and outcome, Australia’s Federal
Police aided Argentinean authorities in his arrest.
Sutton was released in 2008.
David Hicks was captured
by local militia in Afghanistan in 2001 and sold to the U.S. military
who confined and tortured him in Guantanamo Bay prison for six years.
Despite a claimed special relationship between Australia’s PM John
Howard and U.S. president George W Bush, and a compelling case for
Hicks’ innocence, the Coalition failed to secure either his release or a
Hicks was relocated to a prison in Australia in April 2007 on
condition he plead guilty to trumped-up charges without a trial. He was
released in December 2007, immediately after Howard left office.
Mamdouh Habib was arrested in 2001 and sent by extraordinary rendition
from Pakistan to Egypt in violation of international law. He was
imprisoned and tortured as an enemy combatant at Guantanamo Bay for more
than three years by the U.S. military and the CIA. He was eventually
released in 2005 without a single charge being laid.
Van Tuong Nguyen was convicted of drug trafficking in Singapore in 2004. He was hanged in 2005 for this, his first offence, aged 25.
Si Yi Chen and Tan Duc Thanh Nguyen,
then aged 20 and 21, were arrested in 2005 in Indonesia in possession
of 11.8 ounces of heroin. In 2006 they were condemned to death.
After the 2007 change of government, their sentences were commuted in 2008 to life imprisonment.
Teenaged drug mule Scott Rush was sentenced
to life imprisonment in Indonesia in February 2006 and then, on appeal,
to death in September. His capital sentence was eventually commuted in
Hundreds of people were killed in attacks against Australians in Indonesia and elsewhere during the Howard years.
Australia’s embassy in Jakarta was bombed in 2004, killing 11 and injuring hundreds. Australians were specifically targeted in nightclub bombings in Indonesia in 2002 that killed 202 people and injured 240. Again, in 2005, another 20 nightclubbers were killed and more than 100 injured.
These attacks ceased or were thwarted after the Coalition left office.
Did the number of Aussies getting into strife with legitimate or
illegitimate activities abroad suddenly drop during the Labor years? Of
Did the Labor Government have a 100% success rate in securing freedom
or a fair trial for all Australians accused abroad? Not at all.
Did the success rate of behind the scenes negotiations increase substantially during the Labor years? Clearly so.
Critical to the success of diplomatic efforts on behalf of Aussies in
strife overseas is having good relations with other countries.
As shown here and here,
the Abbott government in its first eight months alienated governments
across the globe, including all Muslim nations, on more than 25
These include the appalling treatment of innocent Muslim refugees
arriving from war-torn countries. There have been several deaths in
refugee detention centres, including at least one murder which Australia seems to have no interest in investigating.
In Thailand, the Bangkok Post claimed on Tuesday:
'Australia’s treatment of asylum seekers has soured its relations
with Indonesia, while also drawing Malaysia and Cambodia into the fray.
Furthermore, Australia’s new coalition government has announced
spending cuts for aid, foreign affairs and the Australia Network which
could affect its long-term presence in the region.'
Just two weeks ago, Abbott offended the entire Middle Eastern
community with his bizarre decision to change the terminology of
‘Occupied’ East Jerusalem to ‘Disputed’. Eighteen nations, including
Egypt, immediately objected and threatened reprisals.
In Britain, respected chairman of the Conservative government's climate advisory committee John Gummer (AKA Baron Deben), said earlier this month:
"I think the Australian Government must be one of the most
ignorant governments I've ever seen in the sense, right across the
board, on immigration or about anything else, they're totally unwilling
to listen to science or logic."
Here in France on Tuesday, the national media reported further international disgrace for Australia – humiliation diplomatique mondiale – when a UNESCO hearing rejected Abbott’s request to declassify parts of Tasmania’s protected rare World Heritage forests.
Similar sentiments have been expressed in Canada, the USA, Indonesia, Germany, New Zealand and much of the Asia-Pacific.
Tragically for Peter Greste and other Aussies in need of just
treatment abroad, the USA cannot be called upon as readily as was the
case under Labor.
Abbott made clear to the world his disdain for President Obama
earlier this month when stupidly, openly – and ultimately ineffectually –
he called for a coalition of right wing nutjob governments to thwart Obama’s global climate change efforts.
John Kerry’s intervention on Monday on behalf of Peter Greste and his co-accused was heartening. The U.S. Secretary of State contacted Egypt's foreign minister to register his “serious displeasure” at the “chilling, draconian sentences”.
Beyond that, however, why would the USA spend its political capital with Egypt in support of such a foolish ally?
Australia is now isolated. And can expect to be ignored.
Abbott’s made the following appeal to Egypt’s president:
“But I did make the point that Peter Greste was an
Australian journalist and I assured him [President et-Sisi], as a former
journalist myself, that Peter Greste would have been reporting the
Muslim Brotherhood, not supporting the Muslim Brotherhood because that's
what Australian journalists do.”
It was indeed immediately rejected by Egypt’s el-Sisi, who responded:
“We must respect judicial rulings and not criticise them even if others do not understand this.”
If the Australian Government eventually succeeds with its plea for leniency for Greste, then it will deserve commendation.
Given recent history, however, chances will be higher with a change
of foreign minister, even greater with a change of prime minister and
greater still with a complete change of government.
Follow Alan Austin on Twitter @AlanTheAmazing.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Australia License